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Localisation Focus

The International Journal of Localisation

Localisation Focus–The International Journal of Localisation provides a forum for localisation professionals and researchers to discuss and present their localisation-related work, covering all aspects of this multi-disciplinary field, including software engineering and HCI, tools and technology development, cultural aspects, translation studies, human language technologies (including machine and machine assisted translation), project management, workflow and process automation, education and training, and details of new developments in the localisation industry. Proposed contributions are peer-reviewed thereby ensuring a high standard of published material. Localisation Focus–The International Journal of Localisation is distributed worldwide to libraries and localisation professionals, including engineers, managers, trainers, linguists, researchers and students. Indexed on a number of databases, this journal affords contributors increased recognition for their work. Localisation-related articles, book reviews, perspectives, insights and correspondence are all welcome.

Localisation in International Large-scale Assessments of Competencies: Challenges and Solutions

Volume 10 Issue 1

Authors: Britta Upsing, Gabriele Gissler, Frank Goldhammer, Heiko Rölke, Andrea Ferrari


International comparative studies like the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) pose special challenges to the localisation of the test content. To allow for comparison between countries, the assessments have to be comparable with respect to measurement properties. Therefore, internationalisation and localisation are crucial steps to guarantee test equivalence across countries. The localisation of test items is different from the localisation of web-based contents or software as the test content has to be authentic within a country while the test's measurement properties have to be comparable across countries. Using the PIAAC study (Programme for the Assessment of Adult Competencies) as an example, this paper describes all stages of the localisation process for an international large-scale assessment. The process ranges from the development of source items to translation, adaptation of layout issues and meta-data adaptations. The paper concludes with a discussion of lessons learned and open questions.

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