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Localisation Focus

The International Journal of Localisation

Localisation Focus–The International Journal of Localisation provides a forum for localisation professionals and researchers to discuss and present their localisation-related work, covering all aspects of this multi-disciplinary field, including software engineering and HCI, tools and technology development, cultural aspects, translation studies, human language technologies (including machine and machine assisted translation), project management, workflow and process automation, education and training, and details of new developments in the localisation industry. Proposed contributions are peer-reviewed thereby ensuring a high standard of published material. Localisation Focus–The International Journal of Localisation is distributed worldwide to libraries and localisation professionals, including engineers, managers, trainers, linguists, researchers and students. Indexed on a number of databases, this journal affords contributors increased recognition for their work. Localisation-related articles, book reviews, perspectives, insights and correspondence are all welcome.

Adopting Standards-based XML File Formats in Open Source Localisation

Volume 4 Issue 4


Authors: Asgeir Frimannsson, James Hogan


In recent years, major localisation vendors and key standards organisations have agreed on open XML-based standards for storage and exchange of data in the localisation process: The Translation Memory eXchange (TMX) file format for exchanging translation memory data, the TermBase eXchange (TBX) format for terminology exchange, and the XML Localisation Interchange File Format (XLIFF) for extracting and storing locale-dependent resources in a common file format. Up until recently, very few open source tools have supported these formats, and hence very few open source projects have adopted them in the localisation process. A majority of open source applications continue to use Gettext and the Portable Object (PO) file format. This paper evaluates the case for adopting XLIFF in localisation processes currently based on the Gettext toolkit, and examines the usefulness of other standards such as TMX, TBX and Translation Web Services (TWS) in these processes.

Keywords: XLIFF, xml, standards, open source, file formats

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