Best Thesis - 2005

Asgeir Frimannsson

-Adopting Standards Based XML file formats in Open Source Localisation


In recent years, major localisation vendors, backed by the Localisation Industry Standards Association (LISA) and The Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS), have agreed on open XML based standards for storage and exchange of data in the localisation process: The Translation Memory eXchange (TMX) file format for exchanging translation memory data, the TermBase eXchange (TBX) format for terminology exchange, and the XML Localisation Interchange File Format (XLIFF) for extracting and storing localisable data in a common file format. Up until recently, there have been very few open source tools available supporting these formats, and hence very few open source projects have adopted these formats in the localisation process. A majority of open source applications continue to use GNU Gettext and the Portable Object (PO) file format. This research evaluates the case for adopting XLIFF in localisation processes based on the GNU Gettext toolkit, and identifies needs for adopting other standards such as TMX, TBX and Translation Web Services in these processes.